Sun and its planets. Artwork of the nine planets of the solar system arrayed from upper left to bottom right in their order from the Sun (partly seen at upper left) The size of the Sun and planets is to scale. The distances are not to scale. The four small, rocky planets of the inner solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The four large, gas giant planets of the outer solar system are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Finally, Pluto is a Dwarf planet of rock and ice. Planetary rings and moons are shown, as well as the asteroid belt (between Mars and Jupiter). The Sun contains 99.9% of the mass of the solar system.