“The Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife Giovanna Cenami” by Jan van Eyck is one of Western art’s most complex and original paintings. Van Eyck’s detailing and use of light to convey interior space were far ahead of their time. Through expertly applied oil paint in layered, translucent glazes, he breathtakingly conveyed realism, three-dimensionality and the couple’s wealth. Van Eyck (1390 – 1441) may have used a magnifying glass to paint tiny details such as the highlights on the beads hanging by the mirror. This exceptional work is now displayed in London’s National Gallery.