French artist Marcel Duchamp painted “Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2” in 1912, and dove headfirst into uncharted artistic waters. Inspired by stop-motion photography, Duchamp (1887 – 1968) invented a style of facet Cubism-Futurism that depicted continuous action with overlapping figures. This painting scandalized Paris’ Salon des Indépendants, where Duchamp was ordered to remove it from exhibition. At New York’s Armory, it provoked such an uproar, Duchamp became an overnight success. The piece is now on display at Philadelphia’s Museum of Art.