Tuskegee Airmen mechanics Marcellus Smith (left) and Roscoe Brown, working on a fighter plane at Ramitelli Airfield, Italy. Photograph by Toni Frissell, March 1945.
Pioneering and inventive, Toni Frissell (1907 – 1988) captured an abundance of action with a still camera. Taking photography out of the studio while working for Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar, Frissell shot pioneering fashion photos of models outdoors. She was Sports Illustrated’s first female photographer, and one of the only women in sports photography for several decades. During World War II, Frissell took battlefront photos, utilizing the compelling images to bolster support for women and African-Americans in the military. Creating candid-looking photos with small cameras, Frissell produced 340,000 images in her lifetime.