Paul Guillaume (1893-1934) Novo Pilota, 1915 (oil on cardboard), Modigliani, Amedeo (1884-1920) / Musee de l'Orangerie, Paris, France / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library
Famous for his elongated portraits and lush nudes, Italian born, Parisian-based artist Amedeo Modigliani’s interest in African masks and sculpture is evident in the treatment of his models’ faces – flat and mask-like, with almond eyes and twisted features. His graceful figurative distortions and large flat areas of color were strongly influenced by Cezanne. Modigliani also developed decorative arabesques. He died at age 35 of tuberculosis accelerated by excessive drinking, drugs, and poverty.