Earth, c.1570 (oil on panel), Arcimboldo, Giuseppe (1527-93) / Private Collection, Vienna, Austria / The Bridgeman Art Library
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1527 – 1593) was famous for painting human faces created entirely with fruit, vegetables, books and animals. Born in Italy, Arcimboldo originally designed stained-glass windows and frescoes with his father at the Milan Cathedral. He later became the court painter for Emperors Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and Rudolph II. During this period, he painted fantastical, allegorical facial collages, which grace many of today’s museums, including the Louvre. Arcimboldo’s work lost popularity after his death, regaining acclaim after its rediscovery by the Surrealists.