An English Fireside of 1854-5, Brown, Ford Madox (1821-93) / Private Collection / Photo Â© Bonhams, London, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library
Pioneering the one-man art show and the Pre-Raphaelite movement, Ford Madox Brown (1821 – 1893) was a precise craftsman and colorist. A designer for William Morris, Brown was otherwise a non-conformist who associated with the Pre-Raphaelites, but never joined the Brotherhood. Painting historic and religious themes, Brown’s best-known piece is “Work,” a commentary on Victorian social classes. Brown was commissioned to paint 12 murals in Manchester Hall, which took 15 years to finish, and was the crowning achievement of his career.