A New Land and Water Map of the Entire Earth, 1630 (coloured engraving), Hondius, Henricus (1597-1651) / Private Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library
Famous Dutch cartographer Henricus Hondius (1597 – 1651) produced maps that were both geographically factual and artistically exquisite. Hondius initially assisted his father Joducus, who pioneered the reproduction of spherical objects on two-dimensional surfaces. The younger Hondius later opened his own firm, creating maps that depicting only explored areas, while other cartographers illustrated unseen regions based on their imaginations. Devising double-hemisphere maps, Hondius set a precedent for cartography in the 17th and 18th centuries.